まる(つかまる) Catch – a cat catches a mouse. The cops catch the robber.   $$$
える(とらえる) Catch – a little more literary than 捕まる。 You can use 捕らえる to mean catch your prey OR to catch the meaning of a complicated sentence. Or you can use it to mean ‘The author of Condoleeza Rice’s biography really captures her personality well.”   PPPTTT
(たいほ) Caught by police.   PPP
(とる) To catch a ball.
Both 捕まる and 捕らえる mean ‘catch’ and they can both be used to describe an animal catching prey OR someone grabbing someone else by the arm. PPP TTT